Green Stick Fracture
Closed Fracture
Comminuted Fracture
Oblique Fracture
Compression Fracture
The pathology of this type of fracture includes an incomplete fracture in which only one side of the bone has been broken. The bone usually is "bent" and only broken at the outside of the bend. When there is a closed fracture there is no broken skin. The bones which broke do not penetrate the skin (but may be seen under the skin) and there is no contusion from external trauma. A comminuted fracture has more than two fragments of bone which have broken off. It is a highly unstable type of bone fracture with many bone fragments. These types of fractures are one of rarest forms. They are a oblique break in the bone which is very unstable (break at an angle). They can be easily diagnosed as spiral fractures. This type of bone fracture generally occurs after a fall where the vertebral column is compressed and then under the extreme pressure cracks or breaks. This type of bone fracture may also be referred to as a Impact Fracture.
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Open Compound Fracture
Segmental Fracture
Spiral Fracture
Torus Fracture
Transverse Fracture
Avulsion Fracture
The bone breaks and fragments of the bone will penetrate through the internal soft tissue of the body and break through the skin from the inside. With this type of broken bone there is multiple fractures on the same bone or two bones which are fractured at the same time (ie - tibula and fibula). A bone break in which several large pieces of bone have broken away from the broken bone. This pattern a bone has been broken due to a twisting type motion. It is highly unstable and may be diagnosed as a oblique fracture unless a proper x-ray has been taken. A fracture in which one side of the bone bends, but does not actually break. Torus fractures normally heal on their own within a month with rest, although they can cause soreness and discomfort. In this type of fracture the bone has been broken giving rise to a transverse break or fissure within the bone at a right angle to the long portion of the bone.. It is most often caused by direct traumatic injuries. A fracture caused by the tearing away of a fragment of bone where a strong ligament or tendon attachment forcibly pulls the fragment away from the bone tissue.